A website security audit tests your entire website and its associated server for potential or existing weaknesses that attackers can exploit. It normally covers your entire website, from its source code to its database, themes, extensions, security settings, configuration, etc. To perform a proper security audit, the right resources are needed. These resources can be obtained from a number of sources, including free and paid programs, and website owners themselves. Some of the resources that can be used for conducting a website security audit include scripts for performing website audits, such as phpBB security scanners, and tools for discovering weak areas on a website, called vulnerability assessment tools.
While performing a website security audit, the right tools are also needed to find weak areas. Among these tools is a vulnerability assessment tool, which checks for the existence of known security vulnerabilities in a website. Common security vulnerabilities include SQL injection, cross-site scripting, directory traversal attacks, XSS (cross-site scripting vulnerability) attacks, and URL hijacking. Other types of vulnerabilities may also exist.
SQL injection is a common vulnerability that can be detected during a website security audit. SQL injections occur when an attacker injects code into an interactive database. Common SQL injection attacks take the form of a user entering or sending information to an attacker in a web page that allows him/her to gain access to sensitive information stored in the database. Injection attacks can affect any database, including web, user, or database server. A successful SQL injection attack may allow an attacker to alter the site’s HTML structure and change other website functions, add custom web pages, and execute codes on the server.
In order to perform a website security audit, it is necessary to analyze the vulnerable areas. The best way to identify vulnerable areas is through performing metasploit scanning. Metasploit scanning is performed by using an automated software program that inspects an application or program and checks if it has any vulnerabilities. Specifically, a vulnerable area is an area of the program that is used repetitively and where programmers often do the same thing repeatedly. Such repetitive action may expose the application or program to security vulnerabilities.
Metasploit can provide website security audits by finding the open web exploits. For instance, a search for “web vulnerabilities” would yield a list of different websites with security vulnerabilities. Most of these websites do not have any vulnerabilities, while others have minor issues that can be easily patched. Another example would be open source software. The most common problem is the use of the Apache HTTP server without the right mod_security protection. This can expose a web server to security flaws.
During a website security audit, a list of vulnerable areas is analyzed. One such list is called the Vulnerability Assessment Measurement System (VAM). Another tool for vulnerability assessment is the Web vulnerability scanner. These tools assess the likelihood of a security vulnerability to affect the business. Depending on the vulnerability that is found, the corresponding fixes are made.
In order to get a complete website security audit, it is important to have both VAM and the use tool. The vulnerability scanner will allow businesses to detect security issues that would allow an intruder to gain access to a company’s information or system. For instance, if a hole is found in the payroll process, the payroll data is probably being hacked. In addition, the use tool will allow IT managers to identify any security issues that would allow an unauthorized person to get access to a web server.
By using the Vulnerability Assessment Measurement System, the scanning and the vulnerability assessment can be done at the same time. For instance, if a vulnerability is found in the shopping cart software, the flaw could be fixed by the IT team before the website security audit is started. Once a flaw has been detected, the team can then decide how to fix it. One possible solution could be to disable the processing of debit card transactions, which would prevent someone from accessing the account. This is just one example of how an effective VAM and SSI scanning tool can help businesses secure their websites.